The EU wants to continue to forge a close partnership with the UK. We believe that it is possible to reach a fruitful agreement on the basis of the political declaration. However, it is important that we prepare for all possible outcomes of the negotiations. This includes preparing not to reach an agreement. The European Union and the United Kingdom have approved the withdrawal agreement. The British Parliament and the European Parliament have yet to approve the withdrawal agreement. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. The withdrawal agreement, covering 599 pages, covers the following main areas:[16] The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (elimination of the backstop) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. On 17 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government was presented, several members of the government, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union, resigned on 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement was presented and the British Government was presented.

[28] Since March, the EU and the United Kingdom have continued regular negotiations, despite the difficulties associated with the COVID 19 pandemic. The EU is conducting its negotiations on the basis of the mutually agreed political declaration. However, significant differences have not yet been resolved in some areas. These differences include fair competition, horizontal management of each agreement and fisheries. EU and UK negotiators Michel Barnier and David Frost and their teams have recently stepped up their negotiations.