Parents should know what the child assistance rate is, as many states negotiate rates of increased rates of care for families, minus special payments (such as child care or clothing allowances) that are only provided in the context of care. In general, parents cannot negotiate a monthly adoption allowance higher than the child care rate. Some state adoption aid is significantly lower than the rates of care. For other parents, it may also be helpful to gather information about what other similar children receive in adoption assistance. Understanding the eligibility and benefits of the state is an important first step. Each state has its own tariff structure, the definition of specific needs and the qualification for benefits. Some states offer a simple package to all children who qualify, others offer different rates depending on the seriousness of the child`s needs. Click here for information on renegotiating an existing adoption aid agreement. Most children adopted by dependent institutions receive adoption assistance because of their specific needs that will make them more difficult to adopt (. B for example, disabilities, behaviours, ages, etc.). However, before they can receive the assistance, their adoptive parents must negotiate an adoption assistance agreement specifying the benefits (monthly payments, services and other benefits) that the child will receive and for how long.

The agreement must be reached before the adoption is finalized and is a legally binding document signed by the adoptive parents and by a representative of the state or county who had the child adopted. Second, parents should establish a family budget to determine the costs of raising the child, this family budget will include regular expenses such as accommodation, food, transportation, utilities, etc. (see family budget spreadsheet). This information will help establish a case for negotiation with agency staff. However, parents need to understand that adoption aids are not necessarily intended to meet all of the child`s needs. Some states require parents to certify their children`s adoption assistance agreements annually or regularly. An adoption assistance agreement must reflect two main factors: the needs of the child and the living conditions of the family. The child`s needs include his or her usual needs (food, clothing, housing, etc.) and his or her special medical, psychological and physical needs. Family circumstances, as defined by the Federal Children`s Office, study a family`s ability to meet the child`s needs and include such things as income, debt, housing, transportation, space, family size, parenting occupations, parental health needs, the needs of other family members, whether the child is to be cared for at home , and other factors. In negotiations, each case is unique because the needs and circumstances of each child and his or her family are unique. The checklist below helps parents ensure that all details are included in the agreement.

Parents should collect evidence that documents the child`s specific needs, including information provided by the child`s worker, adoptive parents and service providers, to verify the child`s specific needs and adoption assistance needs.