On March 27, 2020, the Afghan government announced the creation of a 21-member negotiating team for peace talks. However, on March 29, the Taliban rejected the team on the grounds that “we will only be sitting in talks with a negotiating team that is consistent with our agreements and built up according to established principles.” [122] On 31 March 2020, a three-member Taliban delegation arrived in Kabul to discuss the release of the prisoners. [123] They are the first Taliban representatives to visit Kabul since 2001. [123] The Afghan government had also agreed to conduct the talks at Bagram prison. [123] However, on the same day, the Afghan government announced that the Taliban`s refusal to accept a new ceasefire and the Taliban delegation`s refusal to appear in prison on the scheduled date had both led to the postponement of the prisoner exchange. [125] [126] [127] After the arrival of the Taliban delegation, a senior Afghan government official told the Reuters news agency that “the release of the prisoners could take place in a few days, if all goes according to plan.” [124] Abdul Ghani Baradar, the Taliban co-founder and then second, was one of the main Taliban members in favor of talks with the governments of the United States and Afghanistan. Karzai`s government reportedly held discussions with Baradar in February 2010. Later that month, Baradar was captured during a joint U.S.-Pakistan raid on the Pakistani city of Karachi. The arrest angered Karzai and called for arrest because Pakistan`s secret services were opposed to Afghan peace talks. [44] [45] After his re-election in the 2009 Afghan presidential elections, Karzai said he would hold a “Jirga of Peace” in Kabul for peace. The event, which brought together 1,600 delegates, took place in June 2010, but the Taliban and Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin, both invited by Karzai as a gesture of goodwill, did not attend the conference.

[46] The President of the High Council for National Reconciliation, Abdullah Abdullah, visited the heads of state and government in Islamabad and New Delhi in October 2020 to convince them to support a peace agreement in Afghanistan. [145] A senior Pakistani official said that India wanted to “waste” peace in Afghanistan. [146] Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has expressed his commitment to a peaceful Afghanistan. [147] India confirmed “active participation” in the intra-Afghanistan negotiations in Doha. [148] The agreement was also, if not a concession us of defeat, an admission that he could not win. The Taliban called it a victory. In Doha, at the signing of the agreement, the Taliban delegation shouted: “God is great.” After the U.S. airstrikes stopped after the ceremony, the Taliban held victorie parades in broad daylight in their strongholds. According to the fighters interviewed on both sides, this fearlessness has been going on since February in rural Afghanistan. As part of the agreement, the militants also agreed not to allow al Qaeda or any other extremist group to operate in the areas they control.