Concessions were agreed a year later in a six-point note. The agreement was followed by the admission of students of Japanese origin to public schools. The adoption of the 1907 agreement stimulated the arrival of “wives of images”, marriages of convenience made from afar through photographs. [11] By establishing remote marital ties, women who wanted to emigrate to the United States could obtain a passport and Japanese workers in America could obtain a partner of their own nationality. [11] As a result of this provision, which helped close the gender gap within the Community from a ratio of 7 men to every woman in 1910 to less than 2:1 in 1920, the Japan-U.S. population continued to grow despite immigration restrictions under the Agreement. The Gentlemen`s Agreement was never enshrined in law passed by the U.S. Congress, but was an informal agreement between the United States and Japan enacted by unilateral action by President Roosevelt. It was repealed by the Immigration Act of 1924, which legally prohibited all Asians from emigrating to the United States. [12] As the Japanese population grew in California, they were viewed with suspicion by Japan as an invading corner.

By 1905, anti-Japanese rhetoric was filling the pages of the San Francisco Chronicle, and Japanese Americans lived not only in Chinatown, but throughout the city. In 1905, the Japanese and Korean Exclusion Leagues were founded and promoted four policies: the Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1907 (日米紳士協約, Nichibei Shinshi Kyōyaku) was an informal agreement between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan, according to which the United States would not impose any restrictions on Japanese immigration and Japan would not allow further emigration to the United States. The aim was to reduce tensions between the two Pacific countries. The agreement was never ratified by the United States Congress and replaced by the Immigration Act of 1924. The Russo-Japanese War was a military conflict between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan from 1904 to 1905. Much of the fighting took place in what is now northeast China. The Russo-Japanese War was also a naval conflict in which ships in the . Many Japanese Americans argued to the school board that the segregation of schools violated the 1894 treaty, which did not explicitly address education, but emphasized that the Japanese would have equal rights in America. According to the oversight decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court (Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896), a state did not violate the equal protection clause of the U.S. Constitution by prescribing racial segregation as long as the separate entities were essentially the same.

Tokyo newspapers condemned segregation as an insult to Japanese pride and honor. The Japanese government wanted to protect its reputation as a world power. Government officials have realized that there is a crisis and that intervention is needed to maintain diplomatic peace. [9] Japan was willing to limit immigration to the United States, but was deeply violated by San Francisco`s discriminatory law, which specifically targeted its population. President Roosevelt, who wanted to maintain good relations with Japan as a counterweight to Russian expansion in the Far East, intervened. While the U.S. ambassador reassured the Japanese government, Roosevelt summoned the mayor and school board of San Francisco to the White House in February 1907, persuading them to repeal the segregation ordinance, promising that the federal government itself would address the immigration issue. .