This field identifies the source of the information related to the certificate of origin. If the exporter is not the producer, the exporter must determine the basis for the completion of the document. For each property described in field 5, indicate yes if you are the producer of the property. Please provide a complete description of the different products. The description should be sufficient to link the property to the description of the invoice and the description of the harmonized system (SH) of the goods. It is the exporter`s responsibility to ensure that the designation of goods only covers goods that are in force in accordance with the rules of origin. The same goes for our export document and compliance software for shipping solutions, especially when you create certificates of origin such as the USMCA Certificate of Origin (COO). The rules of origin (ROO) are contained in the final text of the free trade agreement. From time to time, a particular roo may be revised. You`ll find the latest version of ROC in the U.S. Harmonized Tariff Plan, General Notes — General Note 33. If the price in the “general” column is not zero, the exporter should then review the course in the “Special/Preference” column. The U.S.
nomenclature uses the “CA” and “MX” codes for Canada and Mexico, respectively. The Canadian tariff is used for the United States and Mexico. In the case of Mexico, there is a section called “Tariff applied to trade partners,” which is the “EE” code. Uu. and “Canada” for the preferential rate applicable to these countries. For most products, the rate is zero for NAFTA-eligible products. In the United States, the exporter is required to keep the original or a copy of the certificate for five years from the date of signature. The importer is required to keep the certificate and all other relevant documents five years after the goods are imported. Appropriate records of the goods, their materials and their production must support the facts alleged in the certificate.
Mexican exporters must keep a copy of the certificate for 10 years. Canadian importers and exporters are required to keep the certificate for the importer for six years and six years from the date of signature for the Canadian exporter. Unlike many export forms that need to be created every time you have a shipment, many companies create a USMCA COO framework once a year for their customers. These certificates of origin indicate exactly how your products can benefit from preferential treatment. In this field, the original criterion is cited as the basis for preferential treatment. The test in this area forms the basis of the importer`s request. The rules of origin are very complex and you should not assume that your products are eligible for duty-free status under the USMCA (or one of the free trade agreements) without carefully reading the rules. Before entering into a certificate of origin, a party must ensure that its products meet these standards.
The products are classified according to the national scales of the country in which they are imported. All NAFTA countries are members of the World Customs Organization (WCO) and use the harmonized system of description and codification of goods.